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Ukraine Stifles Freedom of Speech, Peaceful Protest With New Law
Written by Tetyana Bohdanova On 17 January 2014 @ 20:52 pm | 4 Comments
In Breaking News, Citizen Media, Digital Activism, English, Feature, Freedom of Speech, Governance, Law, Politics, Protest, Ukraine, Ukrainian
On the 57th day of Ukraine's massive pro-European, anti-government protests, the country's parliament passed a law that limits freedom of assembly, restricts the country's media and clamps down on freedom of expression.
Law No. 3879  [uk] introduces a variety of legal changes “for protecting the security of citizens.” Members passed the legislation during the parliament's first session of the new year on January 16, 2014.
The law comes as thousands of protesters continue to fill a central square in Kiev. The Euromaidan protests, as they have been dubbed, began as peaceful pro-EU rallies  but turned into a large-scale anti-government movement after police unleashed an aggressive crackdown  against demonstrators – a handful of brutal beatings by police have been captured on film.
A draft law “passed” in full by the ruling majority in parliament on Jan 16 criminalizes libel, labels and restricts civic associations receiving foreign grants as “foreign agents” and imposes and substantially increases liability for any forms of protest. If the draft bill is signed by the parliamentary speaker Volodymyr Rybak and president, Viktor Yanukovych, it will set Ukraine’s democracy back by years.
Maksym Savanevsky of Watcher.com.ua  noted that these and other measures, such as making it mandatory for citizens to show their passports to buy even a prepaid mobile SIM card, amount to a rise in censorship  [uk] of journalists and Internet users’ expression, as well as increased control and surveillance over telecommunications systems and social media websites, under the guise of fighting extremism and violent uprisings:
Сьогодні більшість у Верховній Раді прийняла закон, яким фактично вводиться цензура в інтернеті.
Today the Verkhovna Rada [Parliament] majority adopted a law which basically introduces censorship on the Internet.
Lawyer Dmytro Nazarets  posted a few express analysis posts  [ru] mentioning a new requirement that all Internet news sites and news agencies are now obligated to register with the authorities:
Теперь уже новости на сайте не попишешь без надзора и регистрации
No more writing and posting news on your website without oversight and registration
Social media denounced by the explanatory note to the controversial draft law adopted by the Ukrainian parliament. The authors insist social media are used as a tool to spread these ideas and fuel hostility, where calls to violently change power and constitution are becoming more and more frequent.
— Rachel Denber (@Rachel_Denber) January 16, 2014 
Budget vote brawl
The parliament also voted on the year's state budget on the same day. The budget has been highly controversial with the opposition criticizing  [uk] it for multiple flaws, including a drastic increase in funding for law enforcement agencies at the expense of such items as healthcare. Opposition MPs had pledged to block parliament and prevent voting at all costs. At first, things seemed to progress according to their plan .
However, the opposition quickly lost control, with the pro-government majority voting in support of the budget and bypassing regular voting procedure.
Editor of an English-language Kyiv-based publication, the Kyiv Post, Christopher Miller tweeted :
And…#Ukraine ‘s parliament passes 2014 budget. No discussions, debates. A quick & dirty vote, & that was that. Regions Party has the power.
— Christopher Miller (@ChristopherJM) January 16, 2014 
A brawl during the parliament session followed, with the opposition physically trying to prevent their rivals from using the electronic voting system. However, the pro-presidential majority quickly retreated and continued voting by a raise of hands.
На очах у всієї країни Верховна Рада сьомого скликання припиняє своє існування. Йо..ний стид… #Рада7 
— Andriy Shevchenko (@ashevch) January 16, 2014 
While the whole country is watching, the seventh Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada [parliament] is ceasing to exist. What a f*cking shame… #Рада7
Roman Shrayk, an independent journalist and author of the satirical Durdom Portal , called the parliamentary vote on the bills itself a sham, posting a video  [ru] of the vote on his blog for Ukrainska Pravda:
20 минут, которые уничтожили остатки украинской демократии
20 minutes that destroyed the remnants of Ukrainian democracy
“The day democracy died”
Later, President Viktor Yanukovych signed all five laws, including the openly anti-protest law no. 3879, sparking outrage in the Ukrainian online community.
Kyiv-based Anglophone blogger Taras Revunets tweeted :
— Ukrainian Updates (@Ukroblogger) January 16, 2014 
Twitter user Igor Shevchenko went even further in his comparisons  [uk]:
Тепер ми Північна Корея. І в нас свій Вік Фед Ян.
— Igor Shevchenko (@upiterian) January 16, 2014 
Now we are North Korea. And we have our own Vik Fed Yan [Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych]
Yet many other social media users have ridiculed the new measures, pointing out their absurdity.
The civic movement “Chesno” posted the following photo, noting  [ru] that it depicts something already “fobidden” by the new law:
Тем временем, вот мы – иностранные агенты, офис движения ЧЕСТНО, группа больше пяти лиц, В МАСКАХ!
In the meantime, here we are – foreign agents, office of the CHESNO movement, a group of more than five, wearing MASKS!
This post is part of our Special Coverage Ukraine's #Euromaidan Protests .
Article printed from Global Voices: http://globalvoicesonline.org
URL to article: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/01/17/ukraine-stifles-freedom-of-speech-peaceful-protest-with-new-law/
URLs in this post:
 Ukraine's #Euromaidan Protests: https://globalvoicesonline.org/specialcoverage/ukraines-euromaiden-protests/
 Law No. 3879: http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/zweb2/webproc4_2?id=&pf3516=3879&skl=8
 pro-EU rallies: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2013/11/29/euromaidan-how-ukraine-came-to-be-rocked-by-protests/
 crackdown: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2013/11/30/videos-ukraines-police-surround-and-beat-euromaidan-protesters-to-clear-square/
 Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group: http://khpg.org/
 citing its key issues: http://khpg.org/index.php?id=1389882519
 Watcher.com.ua: http://watcher.com.ua/
 amount to a rise in censorship: http://watcher.com.ua/2014/01/16/v-ukrayinskomu-interneti-vvely-tsenzuru-sim-karty-za-pasportom-ta-bahato-inshyh-novatsiy-v-novomu-zakoni/
 Dmytro Nazarets: https://www.facebook.com/dmytro.nazarets/
 express analysis posts: https://www.facebook.com/dmytro.nazarets/posts/573633236054639?stream_ref=10
 Mustafa Nayyem: https://www.facebook.com/Mefistoff/
 pointed out: https://www.facebook.com/EuroMaydanTranslations/posts/717135798296952?stream_ref=1
 Rachel Denber: https://twitter.com/Rachel_Denber/
 summed up: https://twitter.com/Rachel_Denber/status/423867820904951809
 #Russia: https://twitter.com/search?q=%23Russia&src=hash
 #Ukraine: https://twitter.com/search?q=%23Ukraine&src=hash
 January 16, 2014: https://twitter.com/Rachel_Denber/statuses/423867820904951809
 criticizing: http://www.dw.de/%D1%83%D0%BA%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%97%D0%BD%D0%B0-%D0%B6%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B5-%D0%B7%D0%B0-%D0%B1%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B8%D0%BC-%D0%B1%D1%8E%D0%B4%D0%B6%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BC/a-17367602
 according to their plan: https://twitter.com/MaximEristavi/statuses/423738111550427136
 tweeted: https://twitter.com/ChristopherJM/statuses/423746458366382080
 Image: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=obvXlA5bkwc
 Andriy Shevchenko: https://twitter.com/ashevch/
 commented: https://twitter.com/ashevch/statuses/423749732629217280
 #Рада7: https://twitter.com/search?q=%23%D0%A0%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%B07&src=hash
 Durdom Portal: http://durdom.in.ua
 a video: https://www.youtube.com/v/Gx0Dx75bbQk&hl=en_US&feature=player_embedded
 tweeted: https://twitter.com/Ukroblogger/statuses/423916256970825728
 #YANUKOVYCH: https://twitter.com/search?q=%23YANUKOVYCH&src=hash
 #DICTATORSHIP: https://twitter.com/search?q=%23DICTATORSHIP&src=hash
 #Euromaidan: https://twitter.com/search?q=%23Euromaidan&src=hash
 #Євромайдан: https://twitter.com/search?q=%23%D0%84%D0%B2%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%BD&src=hash
 #EU: https://twitter.com/search?q=%23EU&src=hash
 pic.twitter.com/r5XiQMZzZ9: http://t.co/r5XiQMZzZ9
 comparisons: https://twitter.com/upiterian/statuses/423916454309011457
 noting: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10201291412115019&set=a.2127319950265.2102885.1463931511&type=1&comment_id=2882745&ref=notif¬if_t=like
 Tetyana Lokot: http://globalvoicesonline.org/author/tetyana-lokot/
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