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Uruguay Legalizes the Sale and Production of Marijuana

Written by Guillermo Vidal · Translated by Erin Walton On 12 December 2013 @ 15:32 pm | 2 Comments

In Citizen Media, Feature, Governance, Health, Ideas, Latin America, Spanish, Uruguay, Weblog

marihuana [1]

Photo shared on Twitter by @T13 [2].

With just the votes of the governing Broad Front [3] left-wing coalition, and after 12 hours of intense debate, the Uruguayan Senate has passed a bill legalizing marijuana. The bill to regulate and commercialize marijuana was approved at 22:38 on Tuesday 10th December, 2013.

The decision has put Uruguay on the front pages of international news media following the session with great interest. Now, all that remains is to craft regulations and put the proposed bill into force. A four month period has been allowed for this process.

At a grassroots level, the parliamentary decision has made waves and stirred up opinion. Among the opposition's arguments given in the Senate are the difficulties in ensuring compliance with the law, and the argument that it isn't a valid strategy in the battle against drug trafficking. The opposition also suggested that, in contrast to the government's position on the subject, the law will actually encourage drug use.

Uruguayan pharmacies, who will be in charge of marijuana sales for medicinal use, are now involved in an intense controversy [4] [es] in which some wish to sell the drug while others do not.

The UN, for its part, has noted that the Uruguayan bill to legalize marijuana violates international treaties [5] that the country has signed. In addition, the Psychiatric Society of Uruguay has warned [6] [es] about the consequences of using marijuana and its rising popularity among youths. Psychiatrists also told newspaper El País that the drug plays a role in school drop-out rates.

According to information collected by Infobae [7] [es], Uruguay's president, José Mujica, has said that he hopes Uruguay will be “lend a hand and that we all learn together, because the idea isn't to establish Uruguay as the land of free marijuana. No. No. That's not what this is about. This is a plague, just like cigarettes are a plague. You'll be offered a legal portion and if you abuse it, you'll be registered and attended to medically.”

Internationally, the bill has generated both expectations and doubts, as the world has observed the events with interest and expressed concerns following the decision.

Opinions have been expressed in social networks such as Twitter. The presidential candidate for the conservative National Party [8], Jorge Larrañaga (@jorgewlarranaga [9]), said:

For security and health; marijuana, for freedom; a new media law. For education; nothing. The majority is used for whatever purpose.

The user @charruasomos [11], on the other hand, has defended the bill:

[In response to @NicoleOrtizCh's tweet] [The world's gone crazy, they legalize marijuana en Uruguay.  Where are we headed?]

@NicoleOrtizCh Well, to me it seems like a GREAT STEP FORWARD and takes drug traffickers out of the picture. Uruguay's not a country that runs away from its problems.

The Paraguayan television presenter, Lucía Sapena (@LuSapena [14]), complained about international confusion about their two nations:

I've now had to explain to three foreign friends that Uruguay is where they sell marijuana legally, and not Paraguay!  Confused people.

The Venezuelan Yusnay Bleque (@yusnayb [16]) expressed her thoughts on the bill:

Uruguay becomes the first country in the world to legalize marijuana. Just shocking. They don't think about people's health.

The Argentinian activist Alex Freyre (@AlexFreyre [18]) compared the bill with Argentina's laws:

Marijuana ISN'T HARMLESS, so IT HAS TO BE REGULATED. The current Argentinian law 23737 is useless and encourages drug trafficking.

Rubèn Jorge Castro (@elojodelciudada [20]) tweeted about moves to legalize marijuana and same sex marriage:

The minority imposed same sex marriage on us, the minority imposed [the] marijuana [bill] on us, and while that happens, they become distracted and education [reform] falls to pieces. More equal. More stupid.

On the other hand, in Luis Alberto Borsari [22]‘s opinion, the same sex marriage act [23], legalization of abortion [24], and now, the legal production and distribution of marijuana [25] are causes of pride. In his blog [26] [es] he writes that:

cuando nuestros hijos y nietos estudien todo esto en sus Libros de Historia, los imagino sacando pecho por lo hecho hoy, o cantando “Uruguay es el mejor País…”

I imagine our children and grandchildren all puffed up with pride as they study today's events in their history books, or singing “Uruguay's the best…”


Article printed from Global Voices: http://globalvoicesonline.org

URL to article: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2013/12/12/uruguay-legalizes-the-sale-and-production-of-marijuana/

URLs in this post:

[1] Image: https://twitter.com/T13/status/410622230549102592/photo/1

[2] @T13: https://twitter.com/T13

[3] Broad Front: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broad_Front_%28Uruguay%29

[4] controversy: http://www.elpais.com.uy/informacion/farmacias-polarizadas-haran-asamblea-marihuana.html

[5] violates international treaties: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-25340324

[6] warned: http://www.elpais.com.uy/informacion/efectos-marihuana-depresion-paranoia-fracaso.html

[7] Infobae: http://www.infobae.com/2013/12/10/1529801-tras-mas-12-horas-debate-uruguay-aprobo-la-legalizacion-la-marihuana

[8] National Party: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Party_%28Uruguay%29

[9] @jorgewlarranaga: https://twitter.com/jorgewlarranaga/

[10] diciembre 11, 2013: https://twitter.com/jorgewlarranaga/statuses/410723046433886208

[11] @charruasomos: https://twitter.com/charruasomos

[12] @NicoleOrtizCh: https://twitter.com/NicoleOrtizCh

[13] December 11, 2013: https://twitter.com/charruasomos/statuses/410832855799832576

[14] @LuSapena: https://twitter.com/LuSapena/

[15] diciembre 11, 2013: https://twitter.com/LuSapena/statuses/410805971620216832

[16] @yusnayb: https://twitter.com/yusnayb/

[17] diciembre 11, 2013: https://twitter.com/yusnayb/statuses/410806103350718464

[18] @AlexFreyre: https://twitter.com/AlexFreyre/

[19] diciembre 11, 2013: https://twitter.com/AlexFreyre/statuses/410805842191994880

[20] @elojodelciudada: https://twitter.com/elojodelciudada/

[21] diciembre 11, 2013: https://twitter.com/elojodelciudada/statuses/410601333893656576

[22] Luis Alberto Borsari: https://twitter.com/LuisBorsari

[23] same sex marriage act: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2013/04/11/uruguay-legalizes-same-sex-marriage/

[24] abortion: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2012/09/27/uruguay-legislators-move-forward-bill-to-depenalize-abortion/

[25] marijuana: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2013/12/11/uruguay-becomes-first-country-to-legalize-marijuana-market/

[26] blog: http://anecnotarios.blogspot.com/2013/12/de-legalizaciones-y-cambios-11-12-13.html?spref=tw

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