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Brazil: A Nation Divided Between Protests and Football

This post is part of our special coverage Brazil's Vinegar Revolt.

It was another day to wear green and yellow t-shirts in the streets of Brazil, but for very different reasons.

For some, the national colors were to root for the home team. For others, the shirts were to demand for political and social changes and to face the violence of military police [pt].

On the same day that Brazil's national football team secured a place in the Confederations Cup final, protests occurred in at least 18 cities [pt] on Wednesday, 26 June. Outside the Mineirão Stadium in Belo Horizonte city, where Brazil beat Uruguay 2-1, nearly 40,000 [pt] gathered for a protest organized by the Comitê Popular dos Atingidos pela Copa (Popular Committee for People Affected by the Cup), known as COPAC, and joined [pt] by other social movements such as the Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (Landless Worker Movement) and the Movimento Atingidos por Barragens (People Affected by the Dam Movement).

One person died [pt] after falling from the top of a viaduct, and a fall of a second man was also reported. At least 25 people were arrested and another 25 wounded. A car shop was set fire and appliance shops were looted.

The mixed feeling of the nation could be seen on Twitter:

Around 6,000 people gathered together in Rio de Janeiro city to root for the Brazilian football team in the Confederations Cup semifinal on 26 June

Around 6,000 people gathered together in Rio de Janeiro city to root for the Brazilian football team in the Confederations Cup semifinal on 26 June. Photo by Tomaz Silva, Agência Brasil. (CC BY 3.0 BR)

Brazilian attacking midfielder Lucas Moura (@LucasnaRede_) wrote:

@LucasnaRede_: Bora pra mais uma batalha! #VaiBrasil http://instagram.com/p/bB-MUuIwPB/

@LucasnaRede_: Let's go for another battle! #VaiBrasil (#GoBrasil) http://instagram.com/p/bB-MUuIwPB/

Twitter user Nina Pires (@ninapires_) said she was nervous during the match:

@ninapires_:Que jogo tensooo #vaiBrasil mais um goool, vamos láááá

@ninapires_What a tense match #vaiBrasil (Go Brazil) another goal, let's go!!!

But the situation was summed up well by Twitter user Luiz Gusttavo Senner (@gusttavosenner):

@gusttavosenner: Enquanto o #Mineirão ferve por dentro as manifestações fervem por fora nas ruas de #BH

@gusttavosenner: While the #Minerão is on fire inside the protests are on fire outside on the streets of #BH (Belo Horizonte)

On the battle outside the pitch in Belo Horizonte, the demonstration that started peaceful turned violent. COPAC's statement on Facebook [pt] explaining what happened has over 7,390 likes:

Belo Horizonte Brasil x Uruguai

Tear gas is thrown by police into a demonstration outside Mineirão Stadium during the match between Brasil and Uruguay in Belo Horizonte. Photo: BH nas Ruas, used with permission

MidiaNina #protestobh pic.twitter.com/AkEFHRUbdK

Prevented from approaching the stadium in Belo Horizonte, protestors set imported vehicles on fire in a franchising car shop. Photo: Midia NINJA, published with permission

Prevented from approaching the stadium in Belo Horizonte, protestors set imported vehicles on fire in a franchising car shop

Prevented from approaching the stadium in Belo Horizonte, protestors set imported vehicles on fire in a franchising car shop. Photo: Midia NINJA, published with permission

NOTA PÚBLICA DO COPAC: SE QUEREM ACHAR CULPADOS, CULPEM A FIFA!

O Comitê Popular dos Atingidos pela Copa participou ativamente de mais uma marcha em Belo Horizonte pelos direitos do povo, contra as violações e privatização do espaço público em decorrência da realização do megaevento Copa das Confederações FIFA.

A marcha decorreu de forma tranquila e pacífica até a Avenida Abraão Caram, quando um conflito de grandes proporções se instaurou entre manifestantes e polícia militar. Os manifestantes de movimentos sociais e do COPAC fizeram um cordão humano para isolar o acesso à barreira imposta pela FIFA e pelo Governo do Estado, mas algumas pessoas tencionaram a barreira física e a polícia revidou sobre toda a manifestação lançando bombas de “efeito moral”, gás lacrimogêneo e balas de borracha. Consideramos que o fato de as pessoas haverem tencionado a barreira da FIFA se relaciona à revolta da população com a realização de megaeventos de forte caráter privatista e elitista em um país marcado por tantas desigualdades sociais e necessidades prioritárias. Repudiamos, sim, a barreira imposta que é ilegítima, pois cerceia a população dos espaços da cidade em favor da volúpia lucrativa da FIFA e das empresas a ela associadas…..

COPAC PUBLIC STATEMENT: IF SOMEONE IS TO BE BLAMED, BLAME FIFA!

The Popular Committee for People Affected by the Cup actively participated in another march in Belo Horizonte city for the rights of people and against the violations and privatization of the public space for the mega event FIFA Confederations Cup in course.

The march happened in a quiet and peaceful way until it reached Abraão Caram Avenue, when a major conflict began between protesters and military police. Protesters from social movements and COPAC made ​​a human chain to isolate the access to a metal fences barrier imposed by FIFA and the state government, but some people shook the barrier and the police retaliated on all protesters by dropping “moral effect” bombs, tear gas and shooting rubber bullets. We consider that the fact that people broke FIFA's fences is related to the social unrest against mega events organizations which have a strong private and elitist character in a country marked by many social inequalities and other priorities.

Yes, we disavow the barrier imposed because it is illegitimate, as it restricts people from their city spaces in favor of FIFA's and its partner companies’ voluptuous profits…

A Twitter profile under the name @meiodabeirada criticized police for not being able to deal with the group who vandalized the protest:

@meiodabeirada: A POLICIA NÃO CONSEGUE GARANTIR A SEGURANÇA, NÃO É? SÃO POUCOS. A MAIORIA SEGUIU PELA ANTONIO CARLOS. #PROTESTOBH pic.twitter.com/PNhUwZtFSo

@meiodabeirada : THE POLICE CAN'T GUARANTEE SAFETY, CAN'T THEY? THEY ARE ONLY A FEW [who broke through the barrier]. THE MAJORITY FOLLOWED THROUGH THE ANTONIO CARLOS AVENUE. #PROTESTOBH pic.twitter.com/PNhUwZtFSo

On the other hand, Twitter user Luiz Carlos Garrocho (@lc_garrocho) questioned:

@lc_garrocho: Vandalismo o enfrentamento da barreira? Mas qual o sentido de manifestar tão longe do Estádio? #protestobh

@lc_garrocho: Is it vandalism to confront a barrier? But what's the point to demonstrate so far away from the stadium? #protestobh

Dilma's five points

Agência Brasil/CC-3.0

Protest in Brasilia on 26 June, 2013/ Agência Brasil (CC BY 3.0 BR)

Meanwhile in Brasilia, the National Congress made some major decisions. On Wednesday, 26 June, a bill that makes passive and active corruption a heinous and non-bailable [pt] crime passed the Senate, and will continue on to the Chamber of Deputies and the president.

The day before, the Chamber of the Deputies had rejected a controversial proposed constitutional amendment – PEC 37- dubbed as the “bill of impunity”. They also cancelled [pt] the budget of 43 million Brazilian reais (about 20 million US dollars) that would be allocated to the Ministry of Communication to spend on technology for video broadcast and real data transport during the World Cup.

On the same day, the Chamber of the Deputies approved that 75 percent of the royalties of Brazil's Pre-Salt oilfields should be allocated [pt] to education, and 25 percent to the health system.

This series of measures prompted famous Brazilian columnist José Simão (@jose_simao) to make the following joke:

@jose_simao: O Congresso tá parecendo viúva tirando atraso de dez anos!

@jose_simao: The Congress is looking like a widow who has a 10-year back-up to catch up on

Brazilian President Dilma Rouseff announced [pt] reforms in five areas: public transport, political reform, health care, fiscal responsibility, and education on Monday, 24 June and is to call a referendum to implement a political reform in the country. For the topic that started up the demonstration in the streets, public transport, the government has signaled a package of 50 billion reais (about 23 billion US dollars). Roussef had a meeting with all Brazilian city mayors, state governors and member of the Free Fare Movement, the force which organized the first protests of what became the Vinegar Revolt later, on the same day.

Some [pt] have pointed out that the government has dismissed the fact that inflation has returned in Brazil.

Fabio Rodrigues Pozzebom/ABr

Protesters kicked 594 soccer balls in front of the National Congress in capital Brasilia to symbolize that they are passing the ball to the 594 parliamentarians. Photo by Fabio Rodrigues Pozzebom on June 26, 2013, Agência Brasil (CC BY 3.0 BR)

This post is part of our special coverage Brazil's Vinegar Revolt

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