In the past few days, members of the Yellow River 10-Year Investigation [zh] team have begun reporting on the situation regarding water pollution in the Tengger Desert of Inner Mongolia. The team claim that black industrial water emitted by a coal chemical processing factory in the industrial district has been contaminating the desert's underground water, destroying the local herders' homeland and endangering the lives of those in the desert.
The Investigation is a non-profit research effort jointly launched in 2012 by Green Sina [zh] and Green Earth Volunteers. Recently, the team visited Tengger Desert and reported their trip in Chinese social media. A widely disseminated micro blog post [zh] written by Ai Ruogan, a famous podcaster and an investigation team member, on Sina Weibo from October 29, 2012, explains.
Now we are investigating at the industrial district of Tengger Desert at Alxa Zuoqi, Inner Monglia. I see with my own eyes the corporations in the industrial district transporting polluted water with trucks and dumping it in the desert. The water turns into small lakes. In some areas, they use pipes and pump the polluted water down to the heart of the desert. The herders' wells are just a few hundred meters away from the factories. Also, there is a natural lake for wild birds to take rest nearby. I wonder if these birds can survive for long… some herdsmen are already suffering from leukemia…
Song Fuli, another team member, provided photo evidence [zh], showing how corporations are using pipes to pump water into the desert:
The pipe secretly channels the polluted water into the desert. What a genius corporation, what a genius government! Remember this is the industrial district of Alxa Zuoqi, Inner Monglia. The herders are settling just two miles away from here.
Wang Yongchen, the coordinator of Green Earth and also a member of the investigation team, recounted what she saw at Sina Weibo [zh]:
@Wang: This is the water treatment pool where the factories from the Tengger Industrial area store their polluted water. The smell is so bad that we felt dizzy even we covered our mouths and noses. Local herders said in the summer, they could not even open their eyes when they were near the pool. The destruction of herders homeland and golden desert, is that the price we have to pay for modernization?
@Wang: The well that supplies drinking water to the herders is just a little more than a mile away from the water treatment pool. The water level is just two meters deep. We asked whether the water is safe to drink. They said they can't find water elsewhere. This is their home.
@Wang: Tengger Desert is also home to swans, wild ducks, camels. Now that the chemical factories are dumping black water in the desert, where can the birds settle after sunset?
@Wang: Now all of us in the car are suffering from headaches, soar throats and chest pains. We were intending to get a water sample to the laboratory in Beijing, but got so sick. I wonder how life can survive here. I can't imagine.
@Wang: As compensation for the herders’ loss, the corporates gave each of them RMB 20,000 (equivalent to USD 3,300) as compensation. The herders said the settlement was decided by a party secretary of the town. We will carry on our investigation tomorrow. I wonder if the authorities are ignorant of the ecology in the desert or they just simply don't care.
According to a local report [zh], the water emitted from the industrial district is from a coal chemical processing factory. Even though there is a water treatment facility in the district, it hasn't yet gone operational in order to save on costs. The result is that toxic water is being stored at the water treatment pool to await vaporization or, in some cases, being secretly dumped in the desert.
On the next day, October 30, the investigation team traveled further upstream, Ai Ruogan continued his report [zh]:
In the morning, we continued investigating in the desert. Upstream of the water treatment pool, we could still see very clear stream flowing. We just don't know how long the the clean water will flow for. A old man, Hubudai, asked, “how come some people would spend money to preserve the environment, while some would destroy the grassland to make money? I don't like money, I love my homeland and grassland. The development of chemical industry has forced us out of our homeland.”