On January 12, Guatemalan society was shaken with an unpopular revelation. After an exhaustive investigation conducted by 300 investigators from 11 countries, the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (known by its Spanish acronym CICIG) announced in a public press conference streamed on its website, that Guatemalan lawyer Rodrigo Rosenberg masterminded his own murder, clearing President Álvaro Colom, who was accused by Rosenberg of being behind the murder in a videotape left and released after his death. In the video, Rosenberg claimed he had all of the evidence to back his claim, but the CICIG investigation did not find any proof.
The CICIG explained (.pdf format) that it was Rosenberg who made all of the arrangements that led to his death on May 10. According to CICIG information, Rosenberg contacted relatives to help him hire a hit man to “take care” of someone who was threatening him. However, neither the hit man nor the relatives knew that the person Rosebenberg wanted to be murdered was actually himself.
One of the theories for this is that Rosenberg was severely depressed over the death of his mother, an ongoing divorce, and over the murders of one his clients Khalil Musa, and his daughter Marjorie, with whom he had a romantic relationship. He had hoped that the video would cause a wave of reactions that would lead to the investigation in the murders. It is believed that Rosenberg was convinced that the government was behind their murders, but frustrated that nothing had been done about them.
The hypothesis is being accepted by the international community, the judge in the case, and most Guatemalans. However, it might seem to be too strange or illogical of a scenario, especially for those who organized a whole movement around Rosenberg and his accusations against the President. Rosenberg had been considered a martyr of a cause and which polarized Guatemalan society last March, as explained by James Rodríguez of the blog Mi Mundo.
Websites like Fuera Colom (Get Out Colom) (now suspended), Facebook groups like Un Joven Más (One More Young Person) which also had a blog , blogs like Renuncie Presidente Colom (President Colom, Resign) and hashtags like #fueracolom were used by hundreds of teenagers and young adults during May and June 2009.
The blogger at Nueva America Central [es] does not believe the investigation's conclusion:
Sea o no cierta la teoría propugnada por la CICIG, a mí me parece de lo más increíble. Que este padre de familia, abogado exitoso, haya contratado sicarios para que lo balacearan y así promover un fin político indefinible, es tan inverosímil que no pasaría como trama en una producción de Hollywood.
Luis Figueroa of the blog Carpe Diem [es] still has many unanswered questions about the case, such as ‘who really killed Khalil and Marjorie Musa, and why?’ El Chacal also has many questions [es], such as who ended up being the liar, who came out ahead, and who took advantage of the situation.
However, Martín Rodríguez of El Blog de Wachik'aj [es] is convinced that the CICIG's investigation is spotless adding that “the clarification of the case should politically reconcile the country, but it is not.” Perhaps it is not being reconciled because that in a country with 96.5% impunity, past perpetrators of atrocities and massacres, it is quite understandable that people just do not trust the legal system anymore. In a country where one of the bloodiest armed conflicts took place, scars from the past are still fresh. In a highly unequal country, polarization is natural, but is not the way to solve the problems. As the bloggerTo the Roots [s] expresses:
Impunity is not a left-right thing. Democracy is a virtue that has been strangled out by the ten percent that have ruled Guatemala for centuries. The inequalities of the 1980s persist today, along with the poverty, the violence, incredibly poor race relations and the political instability. The left and right paint themselves as if they were in a quixotic race to freedom with the other standing in the way – yet it is the culture of impunity, of crimes committed by the government of Guatemala that is the problem.