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Written by Marwa Rakha On 20 December 2008 @ 19:21 pm | 8 Comments
In Arabic, Citizen Media, Development, Digital Activism, Egypt, English, Freedom of Speech, Human Rights, Ideas, Media & Journalism, Middle East & North Africa, Weblog, Women & Gender, Youth
The outcasts of the Egyptian society – the spinsters – are raising their voices in an attempt to change how society views them.
Khokha – the anonymous author of The daily diaries of a sinister spinister - says:
Abeer Soliman, an Egyptian writer and the author of The Journal of a Spinster , wrote:
Hence, we are not suitable for our men; we are all very opinionated women with a history of strife and achievements. Having said that, it only makes sense that after the attraction, the fascination, the day dreaming, and the sandcastles, those men decide that we are totally unfit for being wives and mothers leaving us to face our destiny as spinsters.
Ethat ElKatatney of Muslimah Media Watch wrote an elaborate post on the issue confessing that she is a 21-year-old spinster.
Yes, a spinster at 21. In my country, although many many Egyptian women are delaying getting married until they’re in their mid-to-late twenties, society still looks at them with a critical, disapproving gaze.
“Men and women were made for one another. You are a sinister spinster.”
“Better a man’s shadow than that of a wall.”
Both are Arabic proverbs reiterated by mothers, aunties, grandmothers and even friends, the former meaning that women who don’t marry are labeled “spinsters,” and the latter meaning that any man is better than being single.
I hate the word spinster, as I’m sure any woman does. It’s definitely no female equivalent of bachelor. Wikipedia  tells us spinsters have a reputation for:
Sexual and emotional frigidity, lesbianism, ugliness, frumpiness, depression, astringent moral virtue, and overly-pious religious devotion.
Nice. And in Egypt, where according to the latest statistics there are approximately 9-10 million spinsters over the age of 30, unmarried women are (alternatively) rejected, stigmatized, mocked, gossiped about, pitied and constantly reminded of what they’re missing out on.
Which is why 27-year-old Yomna Mokhtar’s facebook group Spinsters*/ Old Maids for Change is such a breath of fresh air. Mokhtar is a journalist at Al Yom al-Sabe’, a weekly Arabic newspaper, and she set up the group in May ‘08. True, I don’t know how successful a Facebook group of 600 (and counting) trying to change the Egyptian mentality of “spinsters” is going to be, but at least it’s an effort. The group has a media spokesperson, a social advisor, a religious advisor, and a psychologist. Impressive.
Discussion topics on the group include When spinsterhood is a choice, We won’t wear hijab or pray taraweeh [supplementary] prayers for the groom, Latest list of the groom’s demands, etc.
Ethar, a journalist herself, tracked down the media responses to Yomna Mokhtar's group
The first articles about the group were written in October within days of each other at Al-Lawha Online  and at Al-Arabiya  (the latter with hundreds of fascinating comments that offer great insight into Egyptian psyche and an interesting choice of picture. Though I disliked Mokhtar saying she is against semi-arranged marriages, which she says turn women into “cheap commodities.”)
A couple of days later, an Egyptian forum posted  a Q & A with Mokhtar. She told them:
My goal is to change the image of the spinster in our society, encouraging the woman not to isolate herself from it, and ingraining [in her] the idea that making the world a better place is not only through marriage and producing babies, but in improving your community through the abilities God gave you.
Unfortunately, the Q & A wasn’t exactly the best I’ve ever read. The reporter (who happens to be a man) asked her: “Why do you have such a negative idea about spinsters?” (duh, it’s not her, it’s Egypt), “Why did you use the words ‘for change,’ which are used by political movements?” (conspiracy theory much?), “Does your movement rebel against the the idea of marriage?” and most infuriating of all:
Why don’t you try changing the image of the spinster by trying to fix the behavior of some women who have helped give spinsters a bad name?
Thankfully, she pwnd him:
Your question encapsulates exactly the view of society towards women whose marriage date was delayed, who look at her as the girl with a bad reputation, and this is the viewpoint we are fighting against. Especially since a lot of [unmarried] women […] hold the highest educational degrees and the highest positions. But no, society begrudges them their success and considers it a way of compensating for delaying marriage.
A couple of days later, The Daily News Egypt picked up on the story  from the Arabic media. In the article, Mokhtar said she used the label ‘Spinsters’ in the group title though she’s against it, because “it is the term people use.”
I also believe that using a different label for unmarried women would just be ignoring the reality of the term. By using it, they’re trying, in some small way to “take it back.”
Two weeks after that article came out, the story made the Los Angeles Times , where the author interviewed Mokhtar and brought up two great points. One, that men are also joining the Facebook group, and two, that this is not the first time an Egyptian woman discussing the issues surrounding marriage does so online, with the first woman being the author behind the satirical blog wanna-be-a-bride .
[And I''m being kind of catty here, but this article's translation of the group's mission statement needs some serious work].
The article was pretty inclusive, and I particularly liked the fact it mentioned that marriage is an obligation for all Egyptians—Christians and Muslims alike. The author also interviewed a well-known sociologist, which gives Mokhtar’s opinions added weight, and stops anyone from brushing off her comments as the rantings of a bitter spinster. The author also pointed out that the group isn’t asking for the right to be single or crossing any of society’s “red lines.”
(Though I’m sure the fact that Mokhtar is veiled was very important to mention—you know, to prove that she’s not one of those morally decadent spinsters. As was adding that mass Islamic weddings are held with the aim of preventing “deviant” behavior (a.k.a., homosexuality and premarital sex), and not simply with the aim of helping those without funds get married).
Another French interview with Mokhtar was also published on the same day at Lepetitjournal with the title Spinster Girls: Objects of Mockery. My French is a little rusty, but as a journalist I loved the lead:
O la la! The poor girl! She’s still not married? But why? When will she start a family? She risks living the rest of her life alone, the poor girl!
And the comment: “Not getting married is an unforgivable mistake; refusing to marry a punishable crime!”
It was also a Q & A interview, and Mokhtar explained that Facebook is not enough for what the group wants to accomplish. In the future, they will be holding seminars to raise awareness and meetings where spinsters can talk about their experiences to their family in the presence of a psychologist.
ElKatatney messaged Mokhtar on Facebook and asked her what she though of the media coverage thus far. She said:
I liked the western coverage more than the Arabic coverage, which I only dealt with superficially. [There's been] other coverage in other print newspapers like Al-Masa’ and Rose al-Youssef. One reporter asked me if the role of the movement was to improve the behavior of unmarried women who don’t get married because of their bad behavior. I think the problem is not about the media outlet as much as it is the journalist. A good journalist, whether western or eastern, produces a good article.
The 21 year old spinster concluded her post saying:
I am feeling so inspired now. My new title = empowered spinster. Hmm, not really working for me. Bachelorette?
*The Arabic word used, ‘Anis, has several meanings in Arabic but is socially understood to mean spinster/ old maid.
Article printed from Global Voices: http://globalvoicesonline.org
URL to article: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2008/12/20/egyptian-spinsters/
URLs in this post:
 The daily diaries of a sinister spinister : http://3anes.blogspot.com/
 The Journal of a Spinster: http://yawmiyat3aness.blogspot.com/2008/03/blog-post.html
 an elaborate post : http://muslimahmediawatch.org/2008/12/18/egyptian-spinsters-and-old-maids-sitting-happily-on-the-shelf/
 Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinster
 Spinsters*/ Old Maids for Change : http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=20713498857
 Al-Lawha Online: http://www.lahaonline.com/index.php?option=content§ionid=1&id=15003&task=view
 Al-Arabiya: http://www.alarabiya.net/articles/2008/10/26/58949.html#001
 posted: http://masr.20at.com/newArticle.php?sid=18343
 picked up on the story: http://www.thedailynewsegypt.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=17871
 Los Angeles Times: http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/babylonbeyond/2008/12/egypt-facebook.html
 wanna-be-a-bride: http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/babylonbeyond/2008/05/the-wanna-b--a.html
 English: http://www.metimes.com/Politics/2008/12/16/egypt_no_country_for_old_maids/afp/
 French: http://www.orange.cf/actualites/?p=217558
 Lepetitjournal : http://www.lepetitjournal.com/content/view/34552/1291/
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